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Проект программы Interreg BSR «Расширение возможностей бюджетирования на основе участия граждан в регионе Балтийского Моря» (EmPaci)

Проект программы Interreg BSR «Расширение возможностей бюджетирования на основе участия граждан в регионе Балтийского Моря» (EmPaci)

 

2020-03-10

Newsletter # 01/2020 RU

In Russia the development of Participatory Budgeting (PB) started in 2007 with the emergence of the first practices of citizens' participation in decision making on budget funds spending at the local (municipal) level [1]. First, the World Bank's Program for Supporting Local Initiatives (PSLI) was introduced, then the "Citizen Budget" and "Citizen Initiative" programs were introduced, and in 2012 - "Participatory Budgeting" of the European University in St. Petersburg. In Russia PB activities are supported by the Ministry of Finance. Since 2018 the study of best practices in the development of Participatory Budgeting in the regions and municipalities of the Russian Federation is conducted. The results of the study are represented in the Report, prepared by the Center for Initiative Budgeting at the Financial Research Institute of the Russian Ministry of Finance with the support of the Department of Budget Methodology and Public Sector Financial Reporting [2].

In 2019 the Project “Empowering Participatory Budgeting in the Baltic Sea Region” (EmPaci) was launched in the North-West of Russia within the cooperation programme “Interreg Baltic Sea Region”. The EmPaci project working group conducted the overview of applying the ICT in Participatory Budgeting in the North-West of Russia.

The Table demonstrates the availability of ICT tools at the information resources of Participatory Budgeting (including portals/websites) in the North-Western Federal District of the Russian Federation at each stage of PB projects’ implementation in the region:

  1. Information support of the project/Informing (availability of Internet resource where citizens can get all the necessary information about the project, about the stages of its implementation, ask questions about the initiatives, learn the initiatives, grasp the dynamics of the project, etc.)
  2. Launching the initiatives/proposals (collecting ideas, submitting an application for participation in the project).
  3. Deliberation (public discussion) of the initiatives/proposals (ICT tools for expressing the opinions on initiatives) by Public Council or/and citizens.
  4. Selection the proposals (online voting on proposals).
  5. Monitoring of implementation of the proposals (public control).

The Table also presents the status of the PB practice. Regional projects are marked with the symbol "R", municipal projects are marked by "M". The presence or absence of the tool on the information resource is indicated, respectively, by the signs "+ "or" -".

 

Table. ICT Tools for Citizens Participation on the PB Information Resources in the North-West of Russia

Regions / Municipalities

ICT / Web - Projects

Level

Informing

Launching the Proposals

Deliberation by Public Council

Deliberation by Citizens

Voting

Monitoring

1. Arkhangelsk Region

Portal “The Budget of Your Opportunities”

http://бюджеттвоихвозможностей.рф

R

+

+

+

-

+

+

Information Portal of Arkhangelsk City

http://www.arhcity.ru/?page=2371/0

M

+

-

-

-

-

+

2. Vologda Region

Public Budget - TPC
http://vologda-portal.ru/oficialnaya_vologda/index.php?SECTION_ID=8722

R

+

-

+

-

-

-

Project "Governor's Team: We are Together-Public Budget" https://okuvshinnikov.ru/prog/

R

+

-

-

-

-

+

3. Leningrad Region

Project "I Plan a Budget", in Sosnovy Bor
http://sbor.ru/finance/bd/otkrbud/plan

M

+

+

-

+

VK

+

VK

+

4. Murmansk Region

Ministry of Local Government Development and Interaction with Public Organizations of the Murmansk Region https://mvpmk.gov-murman.ru/

R

+

-

-

-

-

-

Official website of the Murmansk city administration
https://www.citymurmansk.ru/poleznaya_inform/territorialnoe_x/

M

+

-

-

-

-

-

Official website of Aleksandrovsk City
http://www.zato-a.ru/activity/proactive-budgeting/

M

+

-

-

-

-

-

Official website of local governments  of city Kirovsk

https://kirovsk.ru/blago/proactive_budgeting/

M

+

-

-

-

-

-

5. Nenets Autonomous District

Portal of Nenets Autonomous District public authorities
http://smi.adm-nao.ru/iniciativnoe-byudzhetirovanie/

R

+

-

-

-

-

+

6. Novgorod Region

Project “Public Budget” at the Ministry of Finance Website
https://minfin.novreg.ru/proekt-narodnyy-byudzhet.html

R

+

-

-

-

-

-

Project “Public Budget“ at the Borovichi Administration Website
https://www.boradmin.ru/narodnyy-byudzhet.html

M

+

-

-

+
VK

-

+

Project “Public Budget“ of the Panovka

https://vk.com/svbudpnk

M

+

-

-

+
VK

-

+

Project “Public Budget“at the Administration of Okulovka Municipal District Website  http://okuladm.ru/

M

+

-

-

+
VK

-

+

7. Republic of Karelia

Project “Budget for Citizens“

http://budget.karelia.ru/

R

+

-

-

-

-

+

8. Republic of Komi

Project “Public Budget“
https://signal.rkomi.ru/budzhet

R

+
VK

-

-

-

-

-

9. St. Petersburg

Project “Your Budget” (Finance Department)
https://tvoybudget.spb.ru/

R

+
VK
FB

+

-

-

-

+

                   

Notes: VK: Vkontakte - the most popular Russian social network; FB: Facebook - social network

Kaliningrad is preparing to introduce a project on Participatory Budgeting. In 2020, the city administration will conduct a competitive selection of initiative projects for the improvement of public areas, including road transport infrastructure. Call for proposals will be announced in the nearest time. The results will be summed up till April 30, 2020, after which the winning projects will start to be implemented [3].

At the moment, only related PB practices are registered in the Pskov Region. Preliminary events on launching the regional PB programs are planned nearest time [4].

CASES AND PRACTICES

The Project "Your Budget" in Saint-Petersburg

Information about the project is available on the portal of the project "Your Budget" (https://tvoybudget.spb.ru/). The question s about the project can be done in VK and Facebook groups (vk.com/tvbspb; facebook.com/tvoybudget). Work online is conducted in the corresponding group in Vkontakte. The project's information resources contain a schedule of lectures for budget commissions in all districts and their locations. Educational events, like all other meetings of Budget Commissions, are open to everyone.

Project "I Plan a Budget" on the territory of Sosnovy Bor, Leningrad Region (http://sbor.ru/finance/bd/otkrbud/plan)

Information about the work of the Initiative Comission of the project "I Plan a Budget", including discussion of projects proposals, is posted in the Vkontakte group "I plan a budget. Sosnovy Bor" http://vk.com/club51946917. Through the official Vkontakte group (vk.com/sbor.budget) citizens can apply for participation in the project. Information about the project and all events are represented on the official website of the city administration http://sbor.ru/finance/bd/otkrbud/plan . Leading information resources of the city are involved in promoting the project. It should be noted that online voting is taking place in the social network "Vkontakte", in the official group of the project "I Plan a Budget" for the initiatives presented at the "Public Voting".

 
CONCLUSIONS

In the North-Western Federal District of Russian Federation almost all the regions (except the Kaliningrad and Pskov Regions) have implemented Participatory Budgeting practices. In the Kaliningrad Region, the launch of PB projects is planned in 2020. In the Pskov Region, related practices are currently implementing; the realization of PB projects is planned in the nearest time.

In the North-West of Russia all 3 practices of Participatory Budgeting, taking place in Russia, are represented:

  1. Program for Supporting Local Initiatives (PSLI);

  2. "Public Budget" Programs;

  3. Participatory Budgeting (of European University in Saint Petersburg).

As for the use of modern ICT in the implementation of PB projects in the North-Western Federal District of Russian Federation, the following features can be highlighted:

During the Informing stage of PB projects the following resources were used:

  • Specially designed specialized website (portal);

  • Social media pages (groups): Vkontakte, Facebook, Instagram (typical for municipal practices);

  • Pages on the official websites of regional authorities.

The use of the information management system in the form of a separated Internet resource (used in some other regions of Russian Federation) is not presented in the Region.

Often, the available information resources of Participatory Budgeting are used for placing the normative legal acts and reference materials or as an analogue of the media. In some cases, they are used for conducting the surveys. A characteristic feature of the implementation of PSLI in municipal practices is the predominance in the use of traditional mass media in the course of PB projects’ information support.

As for the stages of Public Discussion and Selection the proposals, ICT tools for implementing these functions are not available in most of the PB information resources, presented above. In some municipal practices, deliberation and voting on proposals take place in the appropriate groups in “Vkontakte”. In regional practices, these functions are performed by specialized Councils (or Commissions).

However, there are some examples of inappropriate use of ICT in the implementation of PB practices in the North-Western Federal District of the Russian Federation. In particular, in the Nenets Autonomous District, the use of digital tools at the submission of application stage complicates the procedure (in accordance with the Requirements for submitting an application [5], the applicant for a grant submits to the Department an application for participation in the competition, containing the documents required by the regulations both on paper and in electronic form. Scanned copies of printed documents are submitted electronically [6].

In December 2019, the monitoring of the e-participation online platforms in Russian regions was conducted by e-Governance Center of ITMO University within the project of the Russian Science Foundation. As a result of this study, the information about the activity in the sphere of the development of IT systems for Participatory Budgeting and "Open Budget" in the North- West of Russia was obtained. This information will be provided in the next issue of the newsletter.

 
REFERENCES
  1. Vladimir Vagin: The essence of initiative budgeting is that citizens participate in the selection of projects for which budget funds should be spent [in Russian]. URL: https://otr-online.ru/programmy/ot-pervogo-litsa/vladimir-vagin-sut-23453.html (Date of Access: 07.03.2020).

  2. Best practices in the development of initiative budgeting in the regions and municipalities of the Russian Federation. Report. URL: https://www.oidp.net/docs/repo/doc679.pdf (Date of Access: 09.03.2020).

  3. Initiative budgeting-improvement together [in Russian]. URL: https://www.klgd.ru/press/news/detail.php?ID=3842062 (Date of Access: 07.03.2020).

  4. Belenchuk А.А., Vagin V.V. Report on Best Practice of Initiative Budgeting Development in Subjects of the Russian Federation and Municipalities (2019) [in Russian]. [Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation]. URL: https://m.minfin.ru/common/upload/library/2019/10/main/1070_Doklad.pdf (Date of Access: 08.03.2020).

  5. Requirements for submitting the application [in Russian]. URL: http://smi.adm-nao.ru/iniciativnoe-byudzhetirovanie/trebovaniya-k-zayavke-na-uchastie-v-konkurse/ (Date of Access: 08.03.2020).

  6. Department of Internal Policy of the Nenets Autonomous District [in Russian]. URL: http://smi.adm-nao.ru/iniciativnoe-byudzhetirovanie/ (Date of Access: 08.03.2020).

 Working Group

Andrei V. Chugunov; Vitalina A. Karachay; Dmitrii R. Trutnev (editor). 

 


 

Проект программы Interreg BSR «Расширение возможностей бюджетирования  на основе участия граждан в регионе Балтийского Моря» (EmPaci)

Составление бюджета с участием граждан — это процесс демократического принятия решений, в котором граждане принимают участие в подготовке и принятии муниципального или государственного бюджета. Целью проекта EmPaci является вовлечение большего числа муниципалитетов и мобилизация более широкого круга граждан в процессы инициативного (партиципаторного) бюджетирования за счет оказания экспертной и организационной поддержки повышению потенциала муниципалитетов, транснациональных кластеров и развитию сотрудничества между муниципалитетами и гражданами.

Основным результатом проекта станет наращивание осведомленности о лучших практиках и формирование необходимых компетенций в сфере инициативного бюджетирования (ИБ), а также укрепление отношений между муниципалитетами и гражданами путем предоставления готовых к использованию методик, учебных программ и инструментов для практической реализации ИБ.

Проект Empaci добавляет к общей концепции ИБ несколько инновационных компонентов: выявление специфических требований граждан и формирование концепций внедрения ИБ, уникальных для различных типов муниципалитетов. Пилотные внедрения ИБ будут реализованы и оценены с точки зрения степени удовлетворения специфических потребностей граждан и муниципалитетов. Также, будут сформулированы рекомендации по дальнейшим организационным и нормативным улучшениям и предложены программы обучения, направленные на подготовку муниципальных специалистов, которые будут способны далее распространять знания об успешных практиках внедрения ИБ среди муниципалитетов Региона.

Финансирование зарубежных партнеров проекта EmPaci осуществляется программой Interreg BSR (Регионы Балтийского Моря), а российских партнеров - из российской части бюджета программы, формируемой Минэкономразвития РФ и, в соответствии с Постановлением Правительства Российской Федерации от 3 октября 2018 г. № 1176, это не рассматривается как иностранное финансирование.

Консорциум проекта, возглавляемый Университетом Ростока (Германия) состоит из 17 партнеров из Германии, Польши, Латвии, Литвы, Эстонии и России, а также, нескольких ассоциированных партнеров. Российские партнеры - Университет ИТМО, Совет муниципальных образований Санкт-Петербурга, Некоммерческое Партнерство по развитию информационного общества на Северо-Западе России (ПРИОР СЗ) присоединились к уже одобренному и запущенному проекту в сентябре 2019 г. и продолжат совместную с партнерами работу до июня 2021 г. Координатором российских партнеров выступает Университет ИТМО. Среди российских ассоциированных партнеров, подтвердивших свою заинтересованность в участии в этом проекте: Администрация Петроградского района г.Санкт-Петербург, муниципальное образование Московская Застава г. Санкт-Петербург, Ассоциация центров поддержки малого бизнеса г. Калининград.

Старт проекта – Март 2019. Продолжительность проекта – 30 месяцев.

Координатор российских партнеров проекта EmPaci:

Основные мероприятия реализации пилотного внедрения инициативного бюджетирования в муниципалитете:

  • Информирование заинтересованных представителей Администрации и жителе муниципалитета о существующих практиках, целях и результатах внедрения инициативного бюджетирования (ИБ) в России и в мире;
  • Обсуждение с Администрацией муниципалитета видения и целей внедрения инициативного бюджетирования в конкретном муниципалитете;
  • Формирование и согласование с Администрацией муниципалитета общего плана действий и правил взаимодействия в процессе внедрении ИБ;
  • Проведение обследования готовности муниципалитета к внедрению ИБ:
    1. Изучение имеющихся регламентов и практик формирования бюджета;
    2. Проведение опроса жителей муниципалитета об их понимании и отношению к ИБ;
  • Обсуждение с администрацией муниципалитета возможных моделей ИБ и методов их внедрения и выбор наиболее оптимального варианта;
  • Оказание поддержки внедрению ИБ в муниципалитете в следующем:
    1. Разработка процедур ИБ, обеспечивающих работу выбранной модели;
    2. Разработка, согласование и утверждение необходимых нормативных документов;
    3. Обучение персонала муниципалитета исполнению процедур ИБ;
    4. Информирование и вовлечение жителей муниципалитета в процессы ИБ;
    5. Другие виды поддержки, в зависимости от выбранной модели, методологии и специфических особенностей муниципалитета;
  • Изучение и анализ полученных результатов, эффектов и уроков внедрения ИБ;
  • Организация мероприятий по распространению лучшего опыта внедрения ИБ.

Все вышеперечисленные мероприятия являются предметом обсуждений и могут быть исключены изменены или дополнены в зависимости от выявленных потребностей и результатов договоренностей.


DE-EmPaci


FI-EmPaci

2020-01-29

NEWS FROM LAHTI PILOT: Participatory budgeting in the Finnish City of Lahti – unfamiliar but interesting

Nowadays changes are sought after in society to supplement traditional means of democratic participation such as voting in elections. Participatory budgeting (PB) where inhabitants get a chance to take part in municipal decision making regarding economic and resourcing decisions are one way of modernizing the system.

The City of Lahti – the Finnish pilot municipality - and EmPaci – EmPowering Participatory Budgeting in the Baltic Sea Region -project partners from LAB University of Applied Sciences and Tampere University are currently working on these issues. To find out how the inhabitants of Lahti feel about participation and participatory budgeting, they conducted an inhabitant survey “Participation and influencing in Lahti” in October 2019.

The results are in and the feedback very positive. Over 1000 replies were gathered, most of which by an electronic Webropol survey system chosen alongside a traditional letter survey to make answering quick and easy for inhabitants. According to the survey, the inhabitants of the City of Lahti in Finland are interested in participation and want to take part in municipal decision making. The idea of participatory budgeting (PB) was found interesting even though the concept was unfamiliar to most. It seems clear that inhabitants in Lahti want to have their say in municipal decision making which is a good starting point for future piloting of PB.

For more information:

www.lahti.fi

www.empaci.eu

Annukka Heinonen

Project manager, EmPaci, LAB University of Applied Sciences

 


LT-EmPaci

2020-03-05

NEWS FROM TELŠIAI

In the Lithuanian Telšiai district municipality the presentation of the results of the EmPaci population survey took place on 27 of February 2020.

Klaipeda University researchers dr. Jaroslav Dvorak and Gabrielė Burbulytė-Tsiskarishvili presented the survey results for the municipality mayor Mr. Kęstutis Gusarovas and members of the council.
You can watch the presentation from 3:45 - 21:25 at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lUBYSrBmxVA&feature=youtu.be&fbclid=IwAR058F24Rls6avKmSwmdF8R-4YZXBPG-E1yKfJu6XZlTdNyYeB_kUO-kqUY 

   

For more information:
https://www.ku.lt
www.empaci.eu
Dr. Jaroslav Dvorak
Project manager, EmPaci, Klaipėda University


2020-02-17

NEWS FROM RIETAVAS

In the Lithuanian Rietavas municipality the presentation of the results of the EmPaci population survey took place on 17 of February 2020.News from Rietavas-1

Klaipeda University researchers dr. Jaroslav Dvorak and Gabrielė Burbulytė-Tsiskarishvili presented the survey results for the municipality politicians and administration. The presentation was attended by Antanas Cerneckis, Mayor of Rietavas Municipality, Vytautas Dičiūnas, Director of Municipal Administration, Antanas Aužbikavičius, Deputy Director, Egidijus Gricius, Youth Coordinator, Daiva Jackūnienė, EmPaci Project Coordinator, director of Rietavas Tourism and Business information centre director Laima Dockevičienė and manager Rasa Baliulevičienė.

   

For more information:
https://www.ku.lt
www.empaci.eu
Dr. Jaroslav Dvorak
Project manager, EmPaci, Klaipėda University

 


LV-EmPaci

2020-03-04

NEWS FROM LATVIA

Vidzeme Planning Region launched first activities of participatory budgeting pilot

"EmPaci" project partners from Latvia – Vidzeme Planning Region has started first participatory budgeting (PB) pilot implementation activities aiming to promote society’s participation in the development of cultural processes in the Vidzeme region.

At the end of 2019, a society vote was announced inviting every inhabitant of the region to express their opinion on cultural priorities that should receive funding within the Vidzeme Culture Program 2020. For the thirteenth year already, Vidzeme Planning Region will be implementing a culture program in the region where organizations can obtain funding for the implementation of the culture projects in the territory of the Vidzeme historical region. The program aims to promote balanced development of culture and art sectors and the preservation of cultural heritage in the country.

So far, cultural priorities have been set based on the views of industry experts, research, planning documents, as well as 12 years of experience implementing the program in Vidzeme. The results of society vote initiated by Vidzeme Planning Region was determinative defining the priority cultural fields where public initiative projects will be submitted to obtain funding for their idea realisation. A significant number of people took the opportunity to vote and the results now are included in the regulation of the Vidzeme Culture Program 2020.

The next steps of the PB pilot activities in Vidzeme will include the development of a voting platform to enable citizens to vote on the culture initiatives submitted. The results of the vote will be presented later to the Vidzeme culture program expert commission.

For more information:
Ieva Bīviņa
Communication Manager
Vidzeme Planning Region
www.vidzeme.lv/en


PL-EmPaci